This activity is a religious commemoration in which the Catholic Andean syncretism manifests itself.
Today begins the Holy Week in Cusco “Palm Sunday” day in what we celebrate the triumphal entry of Jesus in the city of Jerusalem riding on a donkey which is acclaimed receiving by the crowd palm leaves in his hand, these leaves represent the triumph, joy and victory is for this reason that the masses of palm Sunday are made very early in the morning, where the faithful come bearing these palms with olive leaves or even thorns in the form cross, brought from the Cusco jungle and the coast, which are blessed and Cusquenian families have the tradition of hanging behind its doors.
Easter is considered as one of the most important events in the Catholic calendar and Christian world, being commemorated the passion, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ throughout the Catholic world. In Cusco, this religious festival takes different expressions according to the tradition and local customs, giving it a unique experience.
WHEN IS IT CELEBRATED?
The Holy Week in Cusco is held between the second half of March and the first week of April, as such date being movable, not fixed.
This year will begin:
* Palm Sunday 29 March, 2015
* Ends on the Holy Friday 3 April, 2015
HOW IS THE HOLY WEEK IN CUSCO?
Unlike other commemorations, Easter in the city of Cusco whose central day Easter Monday, it mainly is because on that date in procession Pattern Jury of Cusco, Our Lord of the Tremors.
The same day, the Archbishop of the city offers Mass of Communion in the Cathedral, starting at 08:00 a.m and Masses are held every hour until 12 noon in honour of the image.
The day of Friday’s main stage at the Square of San Francisco where the Via Crucis (procession and dramatization of Jesus Christ), with the arrival of the Pope the Cross located at the archaeological site of Sacsayhuaman starts.
This event is organized by the Convent of San Francisco. Concurrently, in the small Square of San Francisco is carried out Hampi Rantikuy or fair medicinal plants that are sold by farmers from distant communities, this exhibition highlights the purchase of crossings thorns which are grown naturally, as these crosses are placed behind doors of Cusquenian homes to protect them from evil (local ancestral custom).
THE LORD OF THE EARTHQUAKES or “TAYTACHA OF EARTHQUAKES”
The devotion of the Cusquenians that are in the “Taytacha of Tremors” dates back to a serie of events happened previously.
All Cusquenian people remember the 31 March, 1650, it happened at about 02:00 p.m. that of when in the city of Cusco experienced one of the most feared and prolonged quakes in its history. The earthquake not only awakened to the nature was asleep, streams, valleys, but also cusquenian parishioners.
The telluric movements periodically shook the city every hour, the people took to the streets shouting fear and despair, panic took life in every corner .. Some men just as between birds and sorrows seeking reconciliation with others.
All out, no one was safe at home. Antonio Robles doctor then says: “In the nearly ten months of telluric movements and earthquakes that these lasted until January 31, 1651, it could be carefully counted to 832 movements occurred between day and night”. All these movements produced by the roughness of nature through faith quieted that had Cusquenian people in the black Christ City. Well, there were three days he was at the door of the Cathedral, while the faithful prayed the Lord of Tremors “Taytacha” and he appeased movements.
TODAY, WE ARE ALL PART AND LIVE IN OTHER MOVES: POLITICAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND RELIGIOUS THAT INSTEAD OF GETTING AROUND FOR FULLY WELL, DETERIORATING INCREASINGLY THE FAITH OF ALL PERUVIANS.
THE LORD OF THE TREMORS shows in his face a grave and sad gesture, which in its procession is picking up in each of his steps the cry of the faithful. It is believed that his body acquired the dark tone in the body that currently displayed, due to its first exit to the streets as it was in contact with the smoke from the candles expanded and candles of people.
It is then that since that time, the litter of “Taytacha of Tremors” or also known “Mestizo Christ” leaves in procession every Holy Monday, followed by a great crowd of faithful who accompany him with humble fervor throughout the course of their procession . During the tour of the houses where he spends effigy, the owners manage their porches, place refined pieces of upholstery velvet with gold stripes, bright fabrics and carpets, families reserved especially for this occasion.
On Friday, in the main streets of the parade takes place the meeting of the bier of Christ in the Holy Sepulcre and the Sorrowful Virgin.
That day, unlike what happens in other places, is not withdrawal in Cusco. Since the local custom is to taste the twelve different dishes ranging from various soups and stews either based on dried fish, wheat and root vegetables, to delicious desserts such as candy apple, corn or corn varieties of food products of place. The celebration of Holy Week ends on Sunday, the Resurrection day after the procession given by the main streets of the city and the celebration of Mass, the delicious aroma of the delicacies that delight themselves perceived and strange, like the tasty chicken soup, pies, sweet white corn, tamales and tortas.
Thus, he gives culminated in the ancient imperial city of Cusco the Andean Easter.